For your PAT Phase 1, consider showing your students these levels. It may very well assist them in asking better questions!
Level 1: facts and basic information
- What is the definition of XX?
- How many definitions are there?
- Which definition(s) makes most sense to you?
- Who did/invented/discovered XX?
- When does XX occur?
- Under what circumstances does XX occur?
- When is XX supposed to be carried out?
- What is the environment in which XX exists, operates, or is used?
- How much or how many XX exist? Where?
- How is XX distributed?
- How does the amount of XX change in time?
- What is an example of XX? (Name them)
Level 2: analysis and interpretation
- How did XX happen, occur, or come to be?
- What causes XX to happen, occur, or come to be?
- What are the reasons for/that XX?
- What results from XX occuring or being used?
- What are the types of XX?
- How does XX function/work/occur?
- What are my own examples of XX?
- What is the relationship between XX and things in XX's environment?
- How does XX change things in XX's environment?
- How is XX similar/different from things in XX's environment?
- How is XX similar/different to things that do the same thing as XX?
- What does XX mean in context? (NOT just a definition)
- What conclusions can be drawn from the answers to these questions?
- What problems/conflicts/issues arise from the answers to these questions?
- What are the possible resolutions/solutions to the problems/conflicts/issues raised?
- What is the point (main argument or thesis) presented by XX?
- How is this argument developed?
- What evidence/proof/support is provided for this argument?
- What are alternative explanations/theories that have been developed by others?
Level 3: hypothesis and prediction
- If XX were to occur, then what would happen in its environment or context?
- If XX were changed, then what else would change in its environment or context?
- What does theory XX predict will happen in a given environment or context?
- What hypothesis or theory explains the occurence or existence of XX in the given environment or context?
Level 4: critical analysis and evaluation
- Is XX good/bad? Why?
- Is XX correct/incorrect? Why?
- Is XX effective/ineffective? Why?
- Is XX relevant/irrelevant to some context? Why?
- Is XX logical/illogical in some context? Why?
- Is XX applicable/inapplicable in some context? Why?
- Is XX proven/unproven? Why? Proven with respect to what?
- Is XX ethical/unethical? Why?
- What are the advantages/disadvantages of XX? Why?
- What is the best solution to the problem/conflict/issue? Why?
- What should or should not happen? Why?
- Do I agree or disagree with XX? Why?
- What is my opinion? What support do I have for my opinion?
Original source : http://deseng.ryerson.ca/dokuwiki/design:four_levels_of_questions